Topography of the Netherlands
A collection of the Bijzondere Collecties Leiden
Leiden University Library has one of the largest collections of Dutch topographical prints and drawings. The majority of topographical and historical atlases, usually kept in regional or local authority archives, focus on a specific city or region. The topographical collection of Leiden University Library is one of the few in the Netherlands in which the entire country is represented.
The emphasis is on the topography of cities and towns, including city profiles and images and floor plans of churches, city halls, city gates, bridges and other buildings. Leiden and Amsterdam were represented most frequently. The collection also includes prints and drawings of towns, monasteries, convents, castles, and country estates as well as historical prints and images with archeological discoveries, hydraulic engineering works, memorial stones and landscapes.
The main part of this digitized collection consists of prints; of which the majority are etchings and copper engravings. Other common printing techniques used were lithography and woodcut and, to a lesser extent, also wood engravings, steel engravings, mezzotints and photographs. In addition, more than 2,000 drawings are shown. The oldest pieces date back to the 16th century but most of the objects are from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. Prints from the 20th century are also shown.